The Bohemian waxwing is named for the wandering habits of their winter flocks. These flocks disperse come summer when resources are more widely available. The Bohemian waxwing is one of the three known waxwing species. Boreal forest and other open forests make up the preferred habitat of this waxwing.
Although they dine primarily on insects in the summer, the Bohemian waxwing eats mostly fruit in the winter. Berries from mountain ash, cedar, and juniper make up the bulk of their winter diet. Sap and seed from the birch tree are other important winter foods for this nomad.